Erectile Dysfunction: Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

What is Erectile DysfunctionErectile dysfunction, also called as impotence, is a burning issue for millions of men around the world. It causes a lot of physical and psychological problems, but can be treated successfully.

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

This is an inability to control erection and ejaculation, lowering of libido and sexual desire. Besides, it affects men’s health, too, leading to urinary tract inflammations and prostate in some cases. The problem is typical of about half of men aged 40 and more.


The main sign of the disease is lack of ability to keep hard on for sexual activity. Other symptoms of erectile dysfunction depend on what causes it. It may manifest into pains during erection, and in that case it may be conditioned by an artery disease that narrows penile arteries. Another type of ED is priapism – long-lasting (usually more than four hours) erections that are painful and occur without sexual stimulation. And, of course, problems with erection may be conditioned by psychological problems and stress, which results into low sexual desire and fear of sexual activity.


Some of reasons for erectile dysfunction have already been mentioned, but, in fact, men’s health may be affected by a huge list of factors such as:

  • narrowing of penile vessels caused by diabetes, artery diseases, hypertension (high pressure of blood), high cholesterol level, etc.
  • hormonal disorders;
  • injuries;
  • going through surgeries recently;
  • using of some medications;
  • stress, anxiety and fatigue;
  • depression;
  • problems in relations.

How to differentiate what is the reason for the complication? If impotence appears occasionally, causes may be psychological, but if erection does not come in all circumstances, causes are more likely to be physical.

When to Visit a Doctor?

If erectile dysfunction lasts for a month or more, it may be conditioned by serious health disorders, which is why you need to contact your doctor. He may prescribe tests, diagnostics and some erectile dysfunction treatment drugs. Another reason to visit hospital is Peyronie’s disease (curving of penis) that may cause erection problems. And, of course, if you realize that impotence is triggered by relations with your partner, there is point in talking to a psychologist.


To define what are the causes of impotence and how serious it is, a doctor may ask you about taking drugs, alcohol or medications. He may also ask your sexual history to clear up whether there are some psychological factors, or not. Diagnostic may comprise some other procedures, read more about it on:


The type of treatment also depends on what is conditioning impotence. If erectile dysfunction is conditioned by health issues (diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disorders), they should be treated first to eliminate the root of the problem. In most cases, it helps to restore normal erection without additional therapy.

If a man’s lifestyle is unhealthy, he may be recommended to change some habits. For instance, those who have problems with erection should:

  1. Eliminate stress.
  2. Reduce alcohol consumption.
  3. Give up smoking and taking drugs.
  4. Lose weight (if necessary).
  5. Exercise regularly.

To boost blood flow to penile vessels and improve erection, herbal treatment for erectile dysfunction can also be used. There are many orthodox and over-the-counter medications that improve virility and libido. But the most effective and popular remedies are Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors that boost blood flow to penis far more effectively. These include:

  • Viagra
  • Levitra
  • Spedra
  • Cialis

If erectile dysfunction’s causes are diagnosed correctly, a doctor can prescribe treatment that will quickly solve the problem. Impotence is not a life-long condition – it can be eliminated in most cases without much effort and tortures.

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